Nutritional Biochemistry | Prof. Dr. Stefan Lorkowski - Background information

Nutritional Biochemistry


Prof. Dr. Stefan Lorkowski








Nutritional Biochemistry  >>  Institute of Nutrition Science  >>  Friedrich Schiller University Jena

















Background information


Worldwide, more people die of the complications of a disease that has been a companion of mankind since antiquity than of any other cause. This disease is called atherosclerosis. Macroscopic and microscopic evidence of atherosclerosis has been found in the aortas and the carotid, coronary and femoral arteries of mummies from Egypt, North America and China dating from around 3000 BC to 400 AD. This is surprising because life expectancy even of the wealthier classes in Egypt was in general only 35 to 40 years, and even though some meat was consumed, the diet of these people was mainly vegetable. Moreover, tobacco consumption was unknown in ancient Egypt although alcohol was available. It is clear therefore that atherosclerosis is an ancient disease and that its pattern has always been the same irrespective of diet and lifestyle. Nevertheless, industrialization has greatly increased the incidence of atherosclerosis and its complications, and it is accepted that features of the modern life style, in particular cigarette smoking, lack of exercise and a diet rich in animal fats are important risk factors for the disease.



Lorkowsk,i S., Cullen, P. Atherosclerosis. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences 2006.







Institute of Nutrition

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Stefan Lorkowski | 2008-2011


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